European Journal of Medicine and Veterinary Sciences-Novus (Ejmvs)

Vol 01, Issue 04, 2021

Paper id: 01000014EJMVS     Open Access
Title: Effect of essential oils of Eucalyptus globulus and Lavandula hybrida as teat dips to control subclinical mastitis in Friesian dairy cattle
Year: 2022  Full Paper       [Download]         Page: 4-11

AbstractA clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of Eucalyptus globulus and Lavandula hybrida essential oils as teat dips in subclinical mastitis cows. In total, 24 cows screened positive for subclinical mastitis, out of 200, were selected for the study. Teat dip preparations included ‘98% Eucalyptus oil’, ‘96% Eucalyptus oil’, ‘98% Lavender oil’, ‘96% Lavender oil’, and ‘1% Iodine’. Essential oil teat dips were applied post-milking in 98:2 (98 parts oil + 2 parts Dimethyl Sulphoxide) and 96:4 (96 parts oil + 4 parts Dimethyl Sulphoxide) dilutions. The milk samples were collected for milk pH, somatic cell count, and colony forming unit, before initiating teat dipping and on the 14th and 28th day post-application of teat dips. After applications of essential oils, milk pH and Somatic Cell Counts of were significantly (P<0.05) reduced in all treated groups and was normalized at 28th-day post-application. The milk yield was increased by essential oil treated groups which was 10.98% in group A, 1.44% in group B, 36.18% in group C, and 7.29% in group Dat 28th day post-dipping. In conclusion, teat dipping with essential oils was proven effective to reduce the incidence of subclinical mastitis in dairy cows. 

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Paper id: 01000015EJMVS     Open Access
Title: Challenges Faced by Family of a Child with Down Syndrome: A Case Study
Year: 2022         Full Paper       [Download]         Page: 12-32

Abstract: Down Syndrome (DS), as the most common cause of mental retardation causes many problems in a family. The purpose of this study is to explore the challenges faced by a family of a child with DS. This qualitative research used a thematic analysis method on a father, mother, sister and a teacher who had experienced dealing with a child living with DS. Data was collected through a semi-structured interview, observation, field notes and from the related documents. The analysis (thematic) of the qualitative data led to the extraction of four major themes namely; perception of parents, sister and the teacher on the child with DS; the psychological factors affecting the family of a child with DS; the social factors affecting the family of a child with DS; and the environmental factors affecting the family if a child with. These findings revealed that the birth of a child with DS produces tremendous physical and psychological effect on the family. Therefore it is necessary for the policy makers, other families who have a child with DS, teachers and siblings of children with DS, to understand the case adequately and pay more attention to the implementation of medical care and educational programs. And also, raise the awareness in the community and to the families of a child with DS on the importance of equal opportunities with positive outlooks.

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Paper id: 01000016EJMVS     Open Access
Title: Lived-Experiences of Parents’ Involvement in Individual Education Plan Development for a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Year: 2022  [Download]         Full Paper       [Download]         Page: 33-63

Abstract: Down Syndrome (DS), as the most common cause of mental retardation causes many problems in a family. The purpose of this study is to explore the challenges faced by a family of a child with DS. This qualitative research used a thematic analysis method on a father, mother, sister and a teacher who had experienced dealing with a child living with DS. Data was collected through a semi-structured interview, observation, field notes and from the related documents. The analysis (thematic) of the qualitative data led to the extraction of four major themes namely; perception of parents, sister and the teacher on the child with DS; the psychological factors affecting the family of a child with DS; the social factors affecting the family of a child with DS; and the environmental factors affecting the family if a child with. These findings revealed that the birth of a child with DS produces tremendous physical and psychological effect on the family. Therefore it is necessary for the policy makers, other families who have a child with DS, teachers and siblings of children with DS, to understand the case adequately and pay more attention to the implementation of medical care and educational programs. And also, raise the awareness in the community and to the families of a child with DS on the importance of equal opportunities with positive outlooks.

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Paper id: 01000017EJMVS     Open Access
Title: Compatibility study between Artemether Lumefantrine and Proposed Excipients used for Solid Unit Dosage Form
Year: 2022  [Download]         Full Paper       [Download]         Page: 64-

Abstract: The study was done using pure drugs i.e. artemether and/or lumefantrine alone and collectivelyalong with the proposed excipients, contributing avicel-102 (microcrystalline cellulose), primojel (starch glycolate sodium), aerosil (colloidal silicone dioxide) and magnesium stearate. The inactive ingredients including the lubricating agents and the diluents were also assessed alone and in assemblage to evaluate the physical and chemical compatibility. Physicochemical tests were performed including diameter, thickness, hardness, dis-integration, friability and percentage purity. The formulation samples were subjected under accelerated stability conditions (temperature 40±2°C and Humidity 75±5% RH). The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) differential scanning calorimetry(DSC) (high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was performed to assess the chemical compatibility studies. Hence, concluding that there was no physical and/or chemical interaction among the active drug moieties and inactive ingredients.

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