Abstract: To determine the safety of the water in private medical and dental institute for drinking. This study was conducted in Gandhara university to assess the quality of drinking water. The water samples were forwarded to the Pakistan Council of Scientific & Industrial Research in water resources for analysis of it. The sample of water was taken on April 04, 2018 and on February 25, 2020 for the quality of drinking water. The ethical approval was taken from the committee of Gandhara University. There was no significant difference in the quality of water (year 2018 and 2020) respectively. From the results it was concluded that the drinking water quality is getting weak for drinking and there should be measurements carried out for the improvement of this valuable asset for the betterment of the quality of the peoples’ health and the environment they are living in.
Abstract: The research focused on exploring the relationship of marital adjustment and life satisfaction among early and late marriages. Main objective of the study is to find out the effect of age on marital adjustment and life satisfaction among early and late marriages. The SWLS life satisfaction scale designed by Diener, Emmons, Larsen and Griffin (1985) and Couple satisfaction index (Funk and Roger, 2007) were used to measure the phenomenon of life satisfaction and marital adjustment. The sample was comprised of (N=203) early and late married men and women. Early married (N=112) and late married (N=91) selected from different cities of Punjab Pakistan. Correlation and paired sample t-test were used for analysis. Results indicate a significant correlation (r= 1) in marital adjustment and life satisfaction. On the other hand there is significant difference (sig=.000) in correlation analysis and there is also significant difference (sig=.000) in paired sample T-Test and also significance difference in (sig=.033) in life satisfaction and (sig=.053) in marital adjustment.
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Title: Teaching Social Skills to a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): A Case Study at Gangkha School
Year: 2021 Abstract [Download] Full Paper [Download] Page: 22-37
The purpose of this case study was to explore how a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) learns social skills in the Bhutanese classroom setting. This is a qualitative study using a single case study design and data were gathered using semi-structured interviews, classroom observations, and document analysis. The data were collected from a total of seven participants– the school special educational needs coordinator, special education teachers (n=2), mainstream school teachers (n=2), a child, and a child’s mother. It was discovered that the SEN Service providers used varieties of teaching strategies to teach social and communication skills to children with autism spectrum. The strategies such as visual support cues, modeling, social stories, and circle time were discovered as the most prominent strategies used in SEN classroom teaching. Applied behavior analysis and naturalistic teaching and learning were some other strategies used. The analysis of semi-structured interviews, naturalistic classroom observations, and document analysis of Individualized Education Plan (IEP), lesson plans, and school SEN policy (Special Educational Needs) revealed that some of the challenges such as lack of training and expertise, negative attitude of the mainstream teachers, lack of awareness on the autism spectrum and other disabilities to parents, limited support from SEN unit to mainstream classes, and lack of inclusive practice in the classroom. The study also revealed that providing short training and workshops to other mainstream teachers, reducing teacher workload, and providing adequate resources are some measures to over the challenges. Lastly, this study will benefit teachers and parents where knowledge in the field of the autism spectrum is lacking.
Title: Behaviour Management of a Child with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in the classroom: A Case Study
Year: 2021 Abstract [Download] Full Paper [Download] Page: 38-60
Abstract: The aim of this study was to find out how the behaviour of a child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been managed in the classroom at Ability Bhutan Society (ABS). The current study utilised qualitative method with single-case embedded design to explore the behaviour management of a child with ADHD in the classroom. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews with four social workers and a mother of a child, direct observation, participant observation, and document analysis. The qualitative data analysis was guided by Braun and Clarke’s framework for thematic analysis (2012). To manage the behaviour of a child with ADHD, the literature considers functional behaviour assessment (FBA) and behaviour intervention plans (BIP) as an intensive interventions. After the data triangulation from different sources of data, three main themes emerged: involvement of stakeholders, challenges, and strategies to manage the behaviour of a child with ADHD. The analysis revealed that use of daily schedule, applied behaviour analysis (ABA), and daily living skills as major strategies to be used to manage the behaviour of a child with ADHD in the classroom and at home as well. Moreover, challenges like human resource, communication skills, behaviour management, and the attitudes of caregivers were also discovered in managing the behaviour of a child with ADHD. Recommendations on recruitment of more number of social workers were made to provide early intervention services to children on one-on-one basis.
Title: Future of Human Gene Therapy
Year: 2021 Abstract [Download] Full Paper [Download] Page:
Abstract: Human gene therapy is a therapeutic result of the transfer of nucleic (DNA) acids to a somatic patient’s cells where abnormalities of the functional gene found in organ or tissue to correcting genetic defects or by overexpressing proteins that are therapeutically useful. In the past, Both the specialist and the lay community had strong (sometimes unreasonably high) standards of HGT due to the early promise of successful and safe treatment or prevention of diseases through this new technology.
Paper id: 01000012EJMVS Open Access
Abstract: The effect of Varying doses of ovatide on the breeding performance of the African catfish (clarias gariepinus ) in Benue state Makurdi, Nigeria was investigated from the month of June to July 2019. A total of 6 brood stocks; 3 females and 3 males were obtained from oracle farm for the experiment at ratio 1:1 the female brood stocks weighed 1kg-1.5kg while the male weighed 1.1kg-1.2kg. The doses of 0.15mlkg 0.20mlkg-1 and 0.25mlkg-1 body weight of ovatide were used to determine the dosage that will give the best output in fecundity, fertility, hatchability and survival rate. Data was subjected to statistical analysis using ANOVA and Duncan’s multiple range test (DMRT) for mean separation. Female treated with 0.15mlkg-1 body weight of ovatide has higher fecundity and hatchability of 52,500 and 96.22% respectfully while female treated with 0.20mlkg-1 body weight of ovatide has higher survival rate of 94.10% and higher fertilisation of 87.43% was obtained from females treated with 0.25mlkg-1 body weight of ovatide. There was no significance difference (p >0.05) between the treatments. This 0.15mlkg-1 0.20mlkg-1 and 0.25mlkg-1 body of ovatide can be successfully used for induced breeding of the African catfish (clarias gariepinus). Therefore, 0.15mlkg-1 body weight of ovatide can be used by fish breeders or farmers since this had a higher fecundity and hatchability rate.